1. Brahmi Concepts
The Brahmi project aims at producing Java Input Methods and OpenType fonts for Indian languages. Hence Brahmi consists of the following software . Brahmi Indic Input Methods . Brahmi OpenType fonts . Brahmi Word Processor
1.1 Brahmi Word Processor
The Brahmi Word Processor demonstrates the Brahmi Input Methods in action. As a Word processor, it has the following features:
- Open RTF and Text documents (with multiple encoding)
- Save document as RTF and Text (with multiple encoding)
- Print & Print Preview
- Cut, Copy, & Paste
- Undo & Redo editing
- Find & Replace Unicode text
- Bold, Italic, Underline, Strike out, Superscript & Subscript
- Paragraph alignment, Line spacing & indenting
Text Styles & Colors
- Input Method selection
- Easy access graphical Toolbar
- Executable JAR file
1.2 Brahmi Indic Input Methods
Input Methods enable user to input Unicode text. The current release, the Brahmi Kannada Input Method is being released by which user can only input Kannada Unicode text. To view the Unicode text, a free OpenType font for Kannada called Sampige.ttf is also released. Input Methods for other languages will be released as and when we have built OpenType fonts for those languages.The Brahmi Kannada Input Method (BrahmiKannadaIM.jar) is Java Input Method can be used by any Java2 application. This IM (Input Method) supports the KGP keyboard layout, which is standardized and approved by Government of Karnataka. The KGP layout is as shown in the picture below:
1.2.1 How to enter Kannada characters
When the cursor is on a text component, select the Input Method by one of the following ways: . Click on the applications icon to see the system menu; click on Select Input Method -> Brahmi Kannada Input Method . Select the Input Method from the applications user interface if there is an option. Please refer to the above keyboard layout to input the characters.
22.214.171.124 To enter a Swara (Vowel)
Type any of these characters: 'a', 'A', 'i', 'I', 'u', 'U', 'R', 'e', 'E', 'Y', 'o', 'O', 'V' that corresponds to
126.96.36.199 To enter Anuswara and Visarga
Type as shown in figure:
188.8.131.52 To enter a Vyanjana (Consonant)
Type a character corresponding to that consonant. Look at the figure below.
184.108.40.206 To enter a Gunithakshara (Consonant-Vowel combination)
Type the keys corresponding to the consonant and vowel. Below figure gives example of all the Consonant-Vowel combinations for the consonant ka
Note: Halant (Virama) is used to remove the inherent vowel from a Consonant. The key 'f' is used to input halant character.
220.127.116.11 To enter a live Aardhakshara (Dead Consonant)
Type the key corresponding to the consonant and then type f. Example:
18.104.22.168 To enter a live Vattakshara (Consonant Conjunct)
Type the key corresponding to the first consonant, then type f and then type the corresponding key for the second consonant. Examples:
22.214.171.124 To get a Arkavattu (Reph) for a Vyanjana
Type the key corresponding to the ra consonant, then type f and then type the corresponding key for the second consonant. Example:
126.96.36.199 Special Cases
When 'ra' consonant precedes as well as follows a halant character, then a ra-vattu is got and not a Arkavattu. Look at the example:
To retain the halant in a word, type 'f' (halant) key twice. Look at the example.
1.3 Brahmi OpenType fonts
A OpenType font for Kannada - Sampige is also released along with this release of Brahmi. Sampige satisfies almost all the rendering rules specified in the "South and South-east Asian Scripts" chapter (No.9) in the Technical Introduction of Unicode in the website (http://www.unicode.org). On the same basis rendering rules for Kannada are documented and can be found at http://www.kannudi.org/ilts .
Note: Current release of the Font does not satisfy the rule associated with the characters - Zero Width Joiner (abbreviated as ZWJ and occupies the position U+200D) and Zero Width Non-Joiner (abbreviated as ZWNJ and occupies the position U+200C), by including which the Font is able display independent vattus (Half Forms) of all the consonants.
These changes should be in sync with the Input Method. These changes would be supported in future releases of Sampige.ttf and Brahmi Kannada Input Method We are always in need for good fonts for Indian languages. If you own OpenType fonts and willing to contribute, please contact us at:
- harsha_pr (at) users.sourceforge.net
- nanitha (at) users.sourceforge.net
- rsastry (at) users.sourceforge.net
Your contribution will be acknowledged at your request.
1.4 Future releases
In the near future the following will be released:
- Updated versions of OpenType Font, Sampige.ttf
- Updated versions of the Input Method, which will be in sync with Sampige.ttf
- Updated internationalized version of the Word processor with resource bundles for each Indian language.
This version of Brahmi (IM, OpenType font and the Word Processor) is released for the purpose of internal testing only. Please check for the latest release at http://brahmi.sourceforge.net
Your inputs are very important to us and the best ones will be incorporated in future releases and listed on the homepage. We look forward to your co-operation - Brahmi Team.